Chicago is located in northeastern Illinois on the shores of Lake Michigan. It is the principal city in the Chicago Metropolitan Area, situated in the Great Lakes area and the Midwestern United States. Chicago rests on a continental divide at the site of the Chicago Portage, linking the Great Lakes watersheds and the Mississippi River.
Chicago's history and economy are closely tied to its proximity. Today's huge lake freighters use the Lake Calumet Harbor on the South Side of the city, while the Chicago River historically handled much of this area's waterborne cargo. Another favorable effect is also provided by the lake, moderating the climate of Chicago; making waterfront neighborhoods slightly warmer in summer.
When Chicago was founded in 1837, the majority of the building was the mouth of the Chicago River, as can be seen on a map of the first 58 blocks of the city. The grade of the central, built-up areas of the city, is consistent with the flatness of its general geography exhibiting only slight distinction otherwise.
The land elevation is 579 ft above sea level. The points are along the river shore at 578 ft, while the maximum point, at 672 feet, is the ridge of Blue Island on the far south side of the city.
Chicago is also a city of neighborhoods, although the Chicago Loop is actually the central business district. Some of the parks along the waterfront include Grant Park Lincoln Park, Burnham Park, and Jackson Park. Landfill goes into parts of the lake providing distance for Northerly Island, Navy Pier, the Museum Campus, and large portions of the McCormick Place Convention Center. The majority of the buildings of the city are close to the waterfront.
There is not any precise definition for the term "Chicagoland," but it generally means the entire conurbation.
A city of the city is unique and no matter where you go, each area has its own attraction: Boystown and River North, artsy Wicker Park, scholarly Hyde Park, and the buzzing Loop downtown. Add to that a number of the world architecture and museums, a dining and music scene, and its, for many, the Second City is second to none, and you will see.
Whether you are in the mood for fine dining, jazz clubs, comedy, glittering skyscrapers, or an afternoon of shopping, T+L's Chicago travel guide has got the scoop on where to go. Throughout the 19th century, Chicago was a significant hub for the delivery industry; current day Chicago is better known for its vibrant music scene--the city played a seminal role in the emergence of jazz and blues, and its own symphony orchestra is a standout--however its history as a major port city remains represented in Chicago's vibrant waterfront district.
Design and architecture buffs need to plan a Chicago trip for a number of the country buildings and buildings, like Cloud Gate, the giant bean sculpture. Sports enthusiasts will want to cheer on their favorite team, be it the Cubs, the Bears, the Bulls, the Blackhawks, or the White Sox.
In the last few years, the city's hotel scene has turned into a boost. Newcomers like Virgin Hotel Chicago and the Thompson Chicago both have brought a contemporary vibe while its dames such as Palmer House Hilton or The Drake are famous.
It is ideal to visit Chicago in the spring or autumn when temperatures are warm, and the town provides plenty of activities and festivals. Peak travel season happens during the summertime; once the weather is at its warmest -- although the season ensures higher prices and crowds at hotels. You may choose to brave a blizzard or two, although Winters in Chicago can be snowy and chilly. The Midwestern friendliness will remain with you when you arrive.
Best Time To Visit
Spring, summer, and autumn. Festivals, special events, and scenery happen each month, and Lake Michigan is picturesque.
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